About the Ministry

Overview of the Ministry - Allows authors to enter rich text content.  Overview of the Ministry

The legislative steps in Qatar started since the fifties, after issuing the first decree in 1954 in relation to Income Tax. In 1955, Customs Law of Qatar was promulgated, then Law No (1) of 1961 was promulgated regarding the establishment of an official gazette of Qatar government to promulgate the related decrees and laws of the government and other issues, to be considered official since its publishing in the official gazette. The legislative and legal steps were a matter of concern in the state. In 1962 a special department was established to take consideration of the legal matters, under the Governor decree No (4) of 1962 “for organizing the functions of the Department of Legal Affairs”. The Department of Legal Affairs was headed by a Legal Counsel under the above-mentioned decree until the created position of the Director of the Department of Legal Affairs in 1967 under the decree No (18) of 1967 “to establish the position of the Director of Legal Affairs”. The issues related to legal affairs continued in relation to the Department of Legal Affairs until 1970, the year that marked anew dawn to the state of Qatar. The first constituted government of Qatar included the first ministry in relation with legal affairs called Ministry of Justice, under Law No. (5) of 1970 “to identify the ministerial authorities, and assign the competencies of ministries and governmental bodies”. The forth section of the sixth article states the ministry of justice’s functions which were as follows:
  • Organize the work of courts, except for the Islamic/Shariah Courts, administratively and financially, and supervise and inspect it.
  • Observe the behavior of the judiciary and organize their affairs administratively and financially, and inspect them technically.
  • Undertake the studies, advisory opinions and all the other legal affairs that work needs demand in the different ministries in accordance with the established rules and regulations.

The Ministry of Justice was consisting of:

  • Court of Justice (later named Courts of Justice)
  • Court of Labour and Traffic (were merged subsequently to Court of Justice)
  • Municipal Affairs Court of Qatar (Annulled)
  • Department of Legal Affairs (Annulled)
  • Department of Real Estate Registration and Documentation

The Ministry was proceeding apace to lay the foundations of administrative and technical stability. The Ministry was strengthened by a selection of legal experts and researchers and worked on the development of its work mechanisms. In 1990, Permanent Committee for Legislative Affairs was established in Qatar under Emiri Decree No (3) of 1990 and was amended under the Emiri Decree No (14) of 1991 to regulate methods and procedures of preparing the legislations. Ministry of Justice has been regulated and assigned its competencies under Decree No (14) of 1991, therefore, new competencies have been assigned for the Ministry. This resulted in the formation of Department of Legal Advice, Legislation and Affairs of State instead of Department of Legal Affairs, besides Department of Real Estate Registration, Department of Financial and Administrative Affairs, Planning and Follow-up Unit that was established under the Emiri Decree No. (4) of 1989 for establishing the Supreme Council for Planning. Other departments of the Ministry were established under the decree by the Minister of Justice No (6) of 1994 “regarding the establishment of divisions of department units in the Ministry of Justice and assigning its competencies” the Ministerial bodies have been completed in accordance with a new vision that fulfills its function.​​

an image of the building of the ministry of justice ​

Competencies - Allows authors to enter rich text content.  Competencies

​Under the Emiri Decree No. (25) of 2014, the Ministry of Justice competency is:

  • Act on behalf of the state and governmental authorities for defending it in the proceedings that are filed from or against the state, inside or outside in accordance with law.
  • Surveillance of practicing the legal profession.
  • Record of the legal actions and documentation of deeds
  • Issuance of the official gazette
  • Review drafts of agreements and contracts that are concluded by the ministries and other governmental authorities in accordance with law.
  • Train legal, judiciary and prosecution posts’ incumbents of the governmental authorities for improving their practical abilities and skills.
  • Work on the dissemination and development of legal awareness​

His Excellency the Minister - Allows authors to enter rich text content.  His Excellency the Minister

His Excellency Mr. Masoud bin Mohammed Al Ameri

Minister of Justice

an image of His Excellency Minister of Justice 

  • Graduated from the Faculty of Law – Cairo University in 1983.
  • 1985 – 1986: A judicial training course at the Higher Judicial Institute in the Kingdom of Morocco.
  • 1992 – 1994: Received a Master's degree in International Legal Studies from Washington College of Law, USA.

​Career Biography:

  • 1983 – 1986: Assistant judge in the judicial courts on 9/21/1983, during which he trained to work in the courts.
  • 1986 – 1991: Judge in the Small Criminal and Small Civil Courts.
  • 1991 – 1992: Judge at the Great Civil Court.
  • 1995: Judge at the Court of Appeal, the Juvenile Court, and the High Civil Court.
  • 1997: Nominated for membership in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
  • 1997: Vice-President of the Court of Appeal, and assumed the judicial work of the Court of Appeal, both civil and criminal.
  • 2002: Assigned to work in the Public Prosecution Office in the State of Qatar since its inception as an independent judicial body.
  • 2003: First Public Defender at the Public Prosecution, and Director of the Judicial Inspection Department.
  • 2008: On 1/7/2008 Emiri Order No. (3) of 2008 was issued appointing him as the head of the Court of Cassation, and he presides in his capacity as the Supreme Judicial Council in accordance with the Judicial Authority Law.
  • On 04/02/2018, His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar, issued Emiri Order No. 6 of 2018 appointing him as an advisor in the Office of His Highness the Deputy Emir.​
  • ​On 06/17/2021, His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of the country, issued Emiri Order No. /2/ of 2021 appointing him as Minister of Justice.​

External Posts:

  • He represented the State of Qatar in the preparatory meetings organized by the United Nations for the establishment of the International Criminal Court since March 1996.
  • He represented the State of Qatar in the meetings of the Committee of Experts and representatives of Arab countries on the International Criminal Court.
  • The representative of the State of Qatar in the annual meetings of the Assembly of States Parties to the International Criminal Court and continues to represent it until now.
  • Member of the Arab Committee to prepare a draft unified Arab labor law, League of Arab States.
  • He represented the State of Qatar in many Gulf, Arab and international conferences and meetings:
  • He gave a number of lectures in scientific and academic institutions and various official bodies.
  • Participated in the study of the draft Arab Juvenile Law prepared by the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States.
  • He gave lectures at the Center for Legal and Judicial Studies at the Ministry of Justice.​